Wednesday, 28 November 2012

Information on social instability and ethnic clashes in Ferghana Valley

The Ferghana Valley is one of the most densely populated geographical areas of the world. Borders demarcation of the three countries of the Valley, namely Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan was established in Soviet times putting aside any consideration of geographical, economic, ethnic and religious differences of the local population.
The new administrative arrangements decided by the Communist Party with the National Policy of 1930, divided the population  favoured inter-ethnic hostility. Recently, in 2005 and 2010 the tension resulted in demonstrations and killings.

Physical map of the Valley
Distribution of population UNEP/Grid-Arendal Apr.2005

Main problems faced by the population in the valley (FEWER International):

Increase in corruption
Politicisation of ethnic commuities
Growth of radical islamic organisations
Disputes over natural resources
Destabalising role of regional enclaves
Growing influence of international drug cartels
Growth in terrorist activities
Western countries exploitation of natural resources
Russia's influence in Central Asia
Lack of security coordination among Central Asian states hardening position of radical groups
Efforts at stabilisation by IGOs and NGOs*

*A number of international organizations are working in the Valley carrying out projects of community mobilization and public awareness to reduce inter-ethnic tension

Introductory information

ICE Inventory of Conflict and Environment. American University - Washington D.C. - "Ferghana Valley. A Soviet legacy faced with Climate Change"(2011):

Frederick Starr (ed.) -  Ferghana Vallery the hearth of Central Asia (June 2011) 

Chatham House - Local and Regional Politics in the Ferghana Valley (Jan.2011)

Recent information

Mercy Corps -  Ferghana Valley Field Study Central Asia May 2003Reducing the Potential for Conflict through Community Mobilization

Human Rights Watch - Skewed justice over 2010 conflict inj Kyrgyzstan (Oct.2012)

Ferghana News- Knut Vollebaek: The underlying reasons for the June events have still not been eradicated


UNEP/GRID Arendal - Collection of maps showing data on environmental, economic and social statistics