Tuesday, 18 October 2011

Deaths for malaria dropped of 20 % in last decade

Malaria is one of the deadliest global diseases, particularly in Africa. In 2009, 781,000 people died from malaria. The mosquito-borne disease is most prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa, where 85% of deaths occurred, most of them children under five.

Registered cases and deaths:

2000: 233 million cases, 985,000 deaths
2009: 225 million cases, 781,000 deaths

The RBM Partnership was launched in 1998 by WHO, UNICEF, UNDP and the World Bank, in an effort to provide a coordinated global response to malaria. RBM’s overall strategy aims to reduce malaria morbidity and mortality by reaching universal coverage and strengthening health systems. The Roll Back Malaria Partnership aims to eliminate malaria in another eight to 10 countries by the end of 2015, including the entire European Region. In 2010, the RBM Partnership is comprised of 500 partners that are organized in eight constituencies.

A new report said that one-third of the 108 countries where malaria was endemic were on course to eradicate the disease within 10 years. It has been eradicated from three countries since 2007 - Morocco, Turkmenistan and Armenia.
New RBM Report

The Global Malaria Action Plan to reduce cases and deaths defines two stages of malaria control:

(1) scaling-up for impact (SUFI) of preventive and therapeutic interventions, and

(2) sustaining control over time.

A global malaria eradication campaign, launched by WHO in 1955, succeeded in eliminating the disease in 16 countries and territories. But after less than two decades, the WHO decided to concentrate instead on the less ambitious goal of malaria control. However, another eight nations were declared malaria-free up until 1987, when certification was abandoned for 20 years.

In recent years, interest in malaria eradication as a long-term goal has re-emerged.The WHO estimates that malaria causes significant economic losses, and can decrease gross domestic product (GDP) by as much as 1.3% in countries with high levels of transmission. In the worst-affected countries, the disease accounts for: Up to 40% of public health expenditures; 30% to 50% of inpatient hospital admissions; and up to 60% of outpatient health clinic visits.

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