Thursday, 17 February 2011

A request for civil and political rights, "democracy 1.0" is echoing in the Middle East

Demostrations taking place  in the Middle East in the last weeks overthrowned  first President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali in Tunisia in power since 1987 and afterwards Muhammad Hosni Sayyid Mubarak President of Egypt, in charge from 1981.Other protests are reported in neighboring countries like Libya, Algeria and also in Iran and Yemen.
A number of scholars have pointed out the importance of the demographic factor in the upraising riots. The percentage of youths in local populations is higher compared to most Western, mature democracies, as also indicated in the median age map of the world below:

Global Median age - Cia Factbook (2009)

The youth factor was also cited by Graham Fuller, former CIA spook and Middle East expert writer of the bestseller A World Without Islam, in a paper published in 2003 for the Brookings Institution entitled "The youth factor: the new demographics of the Middle East and the implication for US policy".
For further reading and an interesting discussion on this issue visit the blog of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars

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